The Alhambra, meaning “the red one”, is a palace fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was originally constructed as a small fortress in 889 and then it fell into ruin until it was renovated and rebuilt in the 11th century by the Moorish emir of the Emirate of Granada. It was converted into a royal palace in 1333 by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada.
Alhambra’s Islamic palaces were built for the last Muslim emirs in Spain and the court of the Nasrid dynasty. After the conquest of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, some portions were used by Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, built by the Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasrid fortifications.
After falling into disrepair for centuries and the buildings being occupied by squatters, the Alhambra was rediscovered in the 19th century by European scholars and travelers. It is now one of Spain’s most famous tourist attractions, exhibiting the country’s most significant and well known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian building and garden interventions. The Alhambra was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.