Seville, Spain

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Date: Dec, 2014
Location: Seville, Spain

 


Seville, situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir, is the capital and largest city of Andalusia and the province of Seville in Spain. Seville has a municipal population of about 703,000 (as of 2011), and a metropolitan population of about 1.5 million, making it the fourth-largest city in Spain and the 30th most populous in the European Union. Its Old Town, the third largest in Europe with an area of 2 sq mi, contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Real Alcázar, the Cathedral de Sevilla and the General Archive of the Indies. The Seville harbor, located about 50 miles from the Atlantic Ocean, is the only river port in Spain.

Seville was founded as the Roman city of Hispalis, and was known as Ishbiliya after the Muslim conquest in 712. During the Muslim rule, Seville came under the jurisdiction of the Caliphate of Córdoba before becoming the independent Taifa of Seville; later it was ruled by the Muslim Almoravids and the Almohads until finally being incorporated into the Christian Kingdom of Castile under Ferdinand III in 1248. After the discovery of the Americas, Seville became one of the economic centers of the Spanish Empire as its port monopolized the trans-oceanic trade. In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

 

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